What is Examination Malpractice?
It is apparent that one of the major challenges facing the world since time in memorial is examination malpractice in the educational sector. In fact, It is the bane of development in any country of the world, It deters national development by enabling those who are not capable to hold various public offices emerge as the holder of those offices. This is as a result of the fact that they lack basic and elementary knowledge about the post they hold but their certificates depicts that they are qualified. This is possible by the means of examination malpractice, Imagine a person who engaged in examination malpractice throughout his or her educational life without having a scope of what he studied, because he attained success via Examination Malpractice, when it is time to apply those knowledge he claimed to study it will become very hard.
For example, he has been appointed as a mathematics teacher because his certificate shows he is very sound in Mathematics, by implication he will end up teaching the students rubbish, thus the standard of those students’ education has been eroded and thereby leading to the continuity of ignorance among majority of the students, he has mar educational development as a result of his ignorance which was triggered by Examination Malpractice. It is therefore important to look into the concept of Examination Malpractice as a social malaise and the various ways of mitigating it and reducing it to the bearest minimum. The word Examination Malpractice is a composition of two different words as it appears, Examination on the one hand refers to a formal test involving answering written or oral questions with no or limited access to text books or the like while Malpractice on the other hand means improper or unethical conduct, Merging the two words together, Examination Malpractice refers to any unethical conduct or behavior an individual indulges in during examination.
In a more elaborative form, it is the act of cheating in the course of examination, cheating in this context refers to any activity carried out before, during, and after an examination by a candidate or agents that distorts the expected outcome of an examination. In this, we have been able to gather that Examination Malpractice could be done in three different stages,
– Before Examination: This occurs prior the examination and it is basically done by having access to the questions before the conduction of examination, which invariably results to the distortion of the normal examination outcome.
– During Examination: This occurs in the examination hall where different aids are brought to distort the normal examination outcome, this involves bringing in various inscriptions that will guide an individual in the course of the examination.
– After Examination: This occurs after the examination is conducted, but before the result is released, this is done by pleading to the marker to influence the result as a result of satisfying the marker by cash or kind.
It is also understandable from the above definition that it is not only the examinee that facilitates the process of Examination Malpractice, as it also involves the examiner who may also influence the outcome of an examination as a result of him been satisfied in cash or kind. Examination malpractice has proven to be a devastating phenomenon in the educational sector as it erodes capability in the students and serves as a deceit in judging individuals intellectually based on their certificates. It further disables students from reading because a shortcut to success has been established, thus the level of educational exposure of the students become low.
In Nigeria, one of the causes of the problem we are facing today is Examination Malpractice because it has enabled those who are not capable to emerge as head of different sectors they have little or no knowledge about, judging them based on their result they achieved via Examination Malpractice. Examination Malpractice is indeed the bane of development in Nigeria and the world today because it enhances mistrust, deters educational advancement, and enables the students to feel relaxed which will definitely bring a consequential effect of national regression.
More so, Examination Malpractice is a serious problem to the educational sector and according to the functionalist school of thought, the society is similar to a living organism which has different parts in which educational sector seems to be one of them, and it holds that when a part is affected by any problem others too share that same problem with it. Such that when the economic sector is affected with challenges the entire sectors get affected, As there is economic recession in Nigeria, the educational sector tend to increase the fees for tuition because the cost of school materials are now high which may result to the withdrawal of some students as a result of the increased tuition fees. More so the teachers tend to reduce the time spent because they don’t longer have enough money to purchase food that will provide them the strength to work for long. In short, the parts of the society are highly connected, a diminution in the standard of the educational sector results to the distortion of the whole parts of the society.
Another major issue to look into is the solutions to the problem of examination malpractice, as it has been established that examination malpractice is a social problem the next line of action is to provide solution to it in order to enhance the betterment of the society. There should be the introduction of active moral education in the school curriculum where students are made to encourage the societal mores and values, and where the punishment of those who disobey these societal rules and norms are read to the hearing of the students. By implication, the punishment for examination malpractice should also be made known to the students and they should also be taught that Examination Malpractice brings about a bad stigma to an individual in the society and this stigma remains forever.
Another way of curbing examination malpractice is through the enactment of certain rules and regulations that makes students run away from examination malpractice, these laws should be pasted in the walls of every educational institutions particularly during examination and this rule should be made effective. For example, the suspension or expulsion of those who practice examination malpractice. More so, the family institution has a crucial role to play in terms of socializing their children and making them know in the process of Socialization that examination malpractice is bad, the parents should serve as a good example for the upcoming children, and every parent should monitor the affairs of their children both inside the school and outside the school.
Finally, Individuals should also care for the kind of friends they hang out with because peer group largely influence the life of an individual, hence, if one keeps friendship with those who engage in examination malpractice there is high tendency that they influence him or her.
Conclusively, the value of our educational institutions and education itself in Nigeria could be lifted high if the problem of examination malpractice becomes past, Examination malpractice affects the development of educational sectors and an injury to a part of the society is an injury to all.
Abdulganiy Abdullah O
Director, Social World.